Socio-Ecological Model

The Socio-Ecological Model emphasizes the interaction between and interdependence of factors within and across all levels of a health problem as well as people’s interactions with their environments.  Behavior both affects and is affected by multiple levels of influence: (1) intrapersonal or individual factors; (2) interpersonal factors; (3) institutional or organizational factors; (4) community factors; and (5) public policy factors.  Thus to effectively promote and sustain behavior change, these mutliple levels of influence must be addressed.