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Refers to “inflammation of the liver”, which can be caused by many things such as viruses, bacterial infections, trauma, adverse drug reactions, or alcoholism. Inflammation of the liver caused by viruses is called “viral hepatitis”. There are many different viruses that attack the liver, including:
Hepatitis A: An acute, vaccine-preventable viral infection mainly spread via feces and contaminated food and water.
Hepatitis B: Disease of the liver caused by infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) which is transmitted through exposure to infected blood and bodily fluids. Chronic infection with HBV can lead to death caused by cirrhosis, liver failure or liver cancer. It is vaccine-preventable.
Hepatitis C: Disease of the liver caused by infection with the hepatitis C virus (HCV). It is largely a blood borne infection that can also cause liver cancer and cirrhosis. There is currently no vaccine.